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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects more than 10% of woman. PCOS can affect not only fertility, but also metabolic function and put you at risk for diabetes. PCOS causes your ovaries to produce too many male hormones (androgens). The increased hormones can cause numerous small cysts to form in and around the ovaries. Some women with PCOS do not develop cysts.

PCOS symptoms include:

Causes of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but if your mother or sister has it, you are at an increased risk. It is common for women with PCOS to have insulin resistance, meaning the body doesn’t use your naturally produced insulin well. This insulin is thought to produce higher male hormone levels. Obesity can also increase your risk for PCOS and insulin resistance.

Treatments for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Treatment for PCOS will depend on your age, your symptoms, and your overall health. The treatment may also depend on whether you are trying to become pregnant.

Treatment options may include:

  • Diet and exercise
  • Medications to treat symptoms and/or chronic health issues
  • Hormone therapy

When to See a Doctor for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

If you’ve been experiencing any symptoms that are impacting your daily life or your ability to get pregnant, call your doctor for an appointment. 

Bassett Healthcare Network offers treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome in Central New York, including in Cooperstown, Cobleskill, Hamilton, Herkimer, and Oneonta.