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Common Injuries

_DSC9532.jpgInversion ankle sprain

Often caused by “rolling” the ankle, an inversion ankle sprain is the most common ankle injury. The reason for its common occurrence is due to the anatomy, ligamentous structure, and mechanics of the ankle range of motion. Simply put, the anatomy of the ankle creates more opportunity to "roll" your ankle inward. The ligaments on the outside are weaker than the ligaments on the inside of the ankle. And finally, the ankle's natural range of motion causes instability towards the movement known as inversion (thus the name).

Overuse injuries

Overuse injuries stem from repetitive stresses placed on different parts of the body, typically in the legs. Common types of overuse injuries involve patella tendonitis, shin splints and Achilles tendonitis. Overuse injuries are caused by lack of conditioning, hard surfaces and the wear and tear of a season of play.

Contusions

Contusions are is often the most frequently sustained. A contusion is basically a bruise that is sustained from a direct blow to an area. These injuries are usually very painful, especially when a superficial bony area is involved. Contusions can be very mild, or they can be deep and take six or more weeks to resolve. The bruise affects range of motion of the affected area.

_DSC9417.jpgMuscle Strains

Muscle strains or "pulls" are the cause of many missed days of practice and games. Muscles are injured when they are overstretched. Muscle tissue is unique due to its ability to lengthen. But when a muscle is overstretched, it can cause some tearing of the muscle. The end result is the muscle protects itself by going into muscle spasm. When this occurs, the athlete can no longer run as effectively or produce the amount of force necessary to perform the skill. This sets up the athlete for further damage to the muscle and continued problems down the road.

Knee Sprains

The knee has four major ligaments that are often injured from different forces to the knee. The collateral ligaments (medial collateral ligament and lateral collateral ligament) are situated on the inside of the knee (MCL) and the outside of the knee (LCL). With certain forces and twisting, either of these ligaments may be injured. Sometimes, other structures deeper in the knee (cartilage or meniscus) are also injured. The cruciates are ligaments that are found deep within the knee. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is considered the "big one." This ligament is also injured with different types of forces. When this ligament is injured, the knee loses stability, and often, surgery is needed if the athlete wants to continue an athletic career.

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