• Anatomical Terms

    MOI - Mechanism of Injury
    Valgus/varus - force from lateral and medial aspect respective
    Proprioceptors - receptors that help with balance and kinesthetic awareness
    Agonists/antagonists - prime muscle mover and opposite prime mover
    Soft tissue - muscle, ligaments, tendons etc
    Bony tissue - bones
    Inflammation - natural body process that occurs after injury to clean up area
    Vasodilation/vasoconstriction - dilation and constriction of blood vessels respectively
    Spasm - muscle protective response to overstretch or contraction
    Modalities - are used to treat injury are in many forms
    Cryotherapy - cold modality along with exercise after tx
    Thermotherapy - warm modality with exercise after tx

    Body Position

    Anatomical position- position where references are made to
    Proximal/Distal- close to specific site and farther than respectively
    Superior/Inferior- towards head and away from head respectively
    Anterior/Posterior- towards front and back of body respectively
    Medial/Lateral- towards and away from the midline respectively
    Dorsal/Palmer/pedal- reference to top of hand/foot, palm of hand and bottom of foot resp


    Flexion/extension- shortening and lengthening the muscle
    Abduction/adduction- movement away and towards the midline
    Dorsiflexion/plantarflexion- movement of ankle superiorly and inferiorly (dorsally/plantarly)
    Pronation/supination- turning palm medially and laterally, also mvts in ankle
    Inversion/eversion- turning ankle inward and outward
    Internal/external rotation- rotation medially and laterally on an axis
    Opposition- touching your pinky with thumb


    Isotonic- contraction while the muscle shortens
    Isometric- contraction while muscle remains the same length
    Eccentric- contraction while the muscle lengthens